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Sopwith Camel 2F.!

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Sopwith Camel 2F.1

RAF_Sopwith_Camel

During the First World War, the British Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Sir Service, and the Royal Air Force all looked to The Sopwith Aviation Company for their aircraft design and manufacturing. The Sopwith Aviation Company was founded in 1912 by Thomas Octave Murdoch Sopwith , later known as an English aviation pioneer. Tom Sopwith, along with his top personal mechanic, Fred Sigrist, controlled the design of all the airplanes being manufactured. After a few unremarkable pre-war designs, Sopwith found success with the Tabloid, a fast and compact design. This same design, with higher power and floats, later envolved into the Sopwith Baby. The Sopwith Baby was a single-seat seaplane and was the preferred aircraft of the Royal Navy Air Service during the First World War.

After various designs that included the Sopwith Pup and the Sopwith 1 ½ Strutter , the Sopwith Camel was introduced in 1917. Meant to be a replacement for the Sopwith Pup, the Sopwith Camel first flew in December of 1916. A metal cover over the machine guns created a hump leading to the name Camel. In fact, the Sopwith Camel's design was considered to be more "evolutionary than revolutionary". However, unlike the Pup and most of the Sopwith planes, the Sopwith Camel was genearally considered unpleasant to fly. The Camel gained a bad reputation by student pilots because of its sensitivity to fuel mixture control, low altitude problems, and particularly became known for its severe spinning characteristics.

The Camel was powered by rotary engines:

  • 130 hp Clerget 9B Rotary
  • 140 hp Clerget 9Bf Rotary
  • 110 hp Le Rone 9J Rotary
  • 150 hp Bentley BR1 Rotary
  • 199 hp Gnome Monosoupapae 9B-2 Rotary
  • 150 hp Gnome monosoupape 9N Rotary

Specification

  • Wing Span: 26 ft 11 in.
  • Length: 18 ft 6 in
  • Height: 9 ft 1 in
  • Weight, empty 956 lb
  • Weigth, Gross 1,523 lb
  • Cruising Speed: Unknown
  • Max Speed: 114 mph
  • Rate of Climb: 6,500 ft or 6 min 25 sec
  • Service Ceiling: 19,000 ft
  • Range: 2.5 hours
  • Powere Plant: one Clerget 9B, 130 hp, rotary engine

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